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plitvice lakes national park map

These sedimentations are called tufa or travertine (both are called sedra or tuf in the Croatian language, apart from many other names like bigar or vapneni mačak). The area then formed part of Banovina of Croatia within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and then part of the Socialist Republic of Croatia within the Socialist Yugoslavia. The overall water body area is about 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi). Some of these walking routes focus solely on the Lower Lakes, some just the Upper Lakes and others combine the two. (It is possible that by the effect of rainwater about 1 m3 of limestone is dissolved in about 10,000 years.)[21]. During the period under the control of Serb forces loyal to Belgrade, Croats were ethnically cleansed from the region systematically. It is just a short ride between P2 and P1, as you get to enjoy a little time out on the water. You will also see on the map that I have highlighted two sections of upper trail viewpoints. On average, the annual precipitation rate at the Plitvice Lakes is 1,500 mm (59.06 in). Under Julius Caesar the region was incorporated as the province of Illyricum into the Roman Empire. Two paths still bear the names of the daughters of the Emperor Franz Joseph: "Stephanie's Path" (Croatian Štefanijin put) and "Dorothea's Path" (Croatian: Dorotejin put).[31]. Plitvice is a group of 16 natural lakes and is a UNESCO heritage site due to its breathtaking views, its fauna and the unique turquoise waters of the lakes. These three hotels – Hotel Bellevue, Hotel Plitvice, and Hotel Jezero are great options to choose from if you are looking to stay overnight near the national park (check out the end of the guide for more accommodation options!). The beech and fir trees in this area of the park are up to 700 years old. Between the two areas you will find the main Jezero Kozjak Lake that breaks up the Lower and Upper Lake sections. A well-known dance of this region is the round dance (Croatian kolo). At the Plitvice Lakes gift shop, they sell a fantastic map that not only shows the park as a whole but it breaks down all the different trail options that are offered throughout Plitvice. [22] These effects are fostered by the millions of microscopically-small bacteria and algae that grow on such plants. Comparable phenomena to those prevailing at the Plitvice Lakes exist at Rastoke (Slunj), at the Krka National Park, at the rivers Una and the Pliva in Bosnia and Herzegovina and at the Krushuna Falls in Bulgaria. Due to their high natural, cultural and tourist significance, they have become a motor for the local economy. September 2010: The penalty for bathing in the lakes was about 70 euros in 2010", NP Plitvička jezera, Endemske vrste (Prof. dr. sc. [4][1] Entrance is subject to variable charges, up to 250 kuna or around €34 per adult per day in summer 2018.[5]. Examples of some animals found in the national park: While other nature protection areas are located far away from any interference by man, the Plitvice Lakes have permanently been exposed to human influence in the course of history. The national Park is underlain by karstic rock, mainly dolomite and limestone with associated lakes and caves, this has given rise to the most distinctive feature of the lakes. Depending on which trail routes you decide to explore, you may end up taking a couple shuttle busses or none at all. The shortest linear distance between the Adriatic coast and the national park is 55 km (34 mi). The Upper Lakes in the south predominantly consist of dolomite rock. Many scenes have been shot at the lakes or waterfalls. I hope that this Plitvice Lakes National Park map has given you more clarity on exactly how the park is laid out and how to get yourself around. To access the park, there are three entrances, entrance 1 on the north side above the Lower Lakes, entrance 2 on the south side next to Upper Lakes, and an auxiliary entrance 3, Flora, on Lake Kozjak. During the Battle of Krbava Field almost the entire Croatian nobility was killed. The availability of water, influenced by the configuration of the terrain, has a great impact on the biodiversity of this area. These naturally created barriers decelerate and dam the waters, thus forming lakes. You will also find another inter city bus stop here if coming from other regions around Croatia. Carbon dioxide quantities at the springs are about twenty times higher than in the atmosphere. The lakes collectively cover an area of about 0.77 square miles, the water exiting from the lowest lake forming the Korana River. Apart from the trout, common minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus) are also found. The highest waterfalls are the Large Waterfall (kroat. During the following decades, preservation efforts reached a deadlock. They are located along an important transport route and have always been a meeting place of occidental and oriental cultural influences. While passing the vegetation, barriers are being created by foaming water. You can refer to this map as I walk through the rest of the guide explaining the different aspects of Plitvice and how to get yourself around. [28], The wider area of the national park is one of the last areas in Europe in which a great number of wild brown bears and wolves can be found. Plitvice Lakes National Park Map. Also don’t forget to check out the other Croatia itineraries and guides up on the site. I thought it would be a good idea to put together a guide that focuses on the Plitvice Lakes National Park map so you will have a better understanding on how the park is laid out. However, this law did not contain adequate measures of protection and is thus not regarded as official founding declaration of the national park. Veliki slap) at the end of the Lower Lakes, over which the Plitvica river falls, and Galovački buk at the Upper Lakes. While walking the boardwalks will have you seeing the most beautiful parks of Plitvice, you will also get the chance to take a boat ride or two on the main Jezero Kozjak lake. The 16 lakes are separated into an upper and lower cluster formed by runoff from the mountains, descending from an altitude of 636 to 503 m (2,087 to 1,650 ft) over a distance of some 8 kilometres (5.0 mi), aligned in a south–north direction. You will also find that some of the walking routes will require certain forms of transportation around the park – the shuttle bus and boat ride, while other routes will require none at all. (Lake Kaluđerovac served as scenery for the Silver Lake. 400 years ago, there were two lakes in the place of today's Kozjak lake. Under French rule, men were allowed to wear their costumes during military service.[9]. The typical feature of this karst area is brittle or porous rock, mostly limestone or dolomite. Its 296.85 square kilometres (114.61 sq mi) area is divided between Lika-Senj County (90.7 percent) and Karlovac County (9.3 percent),[13] hence the national park authority is under national jurisdiction. Located roughly halfway between capital city Zagreb and Zadar on the coast, the lakes are a definite must-see in Croatia. The national park was founded in 1949 and is in the mountainous karst area of central Croatia, at the border to Bosnia and Herzegovina. This was the highest governing organ of the anti-fascist movement in Croatia during World War II. So, whether you are starting your day by entrance #2 and want to get to the Lower Lakes, or you need to get back to entrance #2 at the end of the day, ST2 will have you covered. Upon reaching hard rock, rivers emerge on the surface. According to a legend, a man named Mile Marić from Stropina drowned in this lake. The Croats eventually defied Avar control and settled permanently in this region. Older, hardened sediments. The water at the influx to the Plitvice Lakes is defined as pure from an analytical point of view. During the 1980s, tourism was booming in Yugoslavia. The name comes from agitated waterflow in small scars which make noise or "boil". Rome2rio makes travelling from Omiš to Plitvice Lakes National Park easy. Follow @FindCroatia. On Lake Kozjak, low-noise and ecologically friendly electric boats are being used. The Croatian rebellion was put down by Austrian authorities. Yearly, the barriers are growing up to 13 millimeters in height. Franić, D. (1910) Plitvička jezera i njihova okolica, Zagreb, Tisak kraljevske zemaljske tiskare, Meridijani, 3/2002, 30. Plitvice Lakes National Park in the heart of Croatia is the oldest and the most thriving national park. For that reason, I put together a separate guide that solely focuses on the walking routes of Plitvice Lakes National Park. Most lake names stem from true events.[9][46][47]. Limestone or dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2) mainly consists of calcite (CaCO3), which is not very soluble in water. If you want to go to P3, you first must go to P1. Due to constant changes it is not even possible to pursue individual analyses of single lakes. These lakes are also the deepest, with a depth of 37 and 47 metres (121 and 154 ft) respectively. On the one hand, chalk tufa is being washed away partly. [6] These lakes are a result of the confluence of several small rivers and subterranean karst rivers. ", Measurements of carbon dioxide quantities in the water show that they correspond with continuous sedimentation processes in the Plitvice Lakes area. Calcium carbonate is secreted in the form of microcrystals that are deposited, eventually creating tufa sediments (CaCO3). [22], The precipitation of calcium carbonate, however, does not occur right at the springs of the rivers that flow into the Plitvice Lakes. In medieval times, frequent attacks by Mongols posed a permanent threat to the settled population. Find all the transport options for your trip from Omiš to Plitvice Lakes National Park … [8] A unique area is the forest of Čorkova uvala, a 79.50 ha large virgin forest in the northwestern part of the park. During the Ottoman Wars, the region was part of the Croatian Military Frontier that was under direct control of the Habsburg Council of War. ST1 is the closest shuttle bus stop to entrance #1 of the national park. The name originates from water whirling downward in the middle of the lake. If you wanted to see the breakdown of those black lines, then be sure to take a look at the guide that goes into detail about each and every one of those routes. Photosynthesis activities of algae and mosses in conjunction with the water, however, foster the crystallization of sediments due to the extraction of carbon dioxide. Furthermore, there are only a few lakes at the Lower Lakes. [9] In 1898, one of the waterfalls was named after Croatian opera singer Milka Ternina. (1985) Plitvice, Zagreb, Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera, Spektar, (in Croatian, English, German, Italian, and French), National Anti-Fascist Council of the People's Liberation of Croatia (ZAVNOH), "Mrak Taritaš i Zmajlović odobrili betonizaciju Plitvica: UNESCO Hrvatskoj dao rok do veljače", "SEEbiz.eu / Plitvička jezera s rekordnim brojem posjetitelja", "Price list - Nacionalni park "Plitvička jezera, Plitvice Lakes National Park, protected area, "Five Things You May Not Know About Plitvice Lakes in Croatia", "Lika-Senj County Tourist Association, The Plitvice Lakes", Plitvice Lakes National Park–Basic Information, Plitvice Lakes National Park, Sixteen Pearls of the Plitvice Lakes, Dr. sc. The local population called this accommodation the Emperor's house, since imperial military officers used to reside in this location. ST3 is located way out at the furthermost point of the Upper Lakes. Rare fauna such as the European brown bear, grey wolf, eagle, owl, Eurasian lynx, European wildcat, and capercaillie can be found there, along with many more common species. Since 1850, only professional soldiers served in the Military Frontier. In contrast, limestone rock is more compact and massive, but has a higher water permeability.[9]. Spanning an impressive 73,000 acres, the Unesco World Heritage park is most famous for its series of sixteen, mineral-rich lakes created by water cascading over naturally formed travertine dams through a towering limestone canyon. Well sign up and join the TripTins community to receive monthly newsletters that will recap everything you need to know to make that trip as memorable as can be. After traversing the Velebit mountain range travelers reach the Croatian karst plains of Lika. In 2000, the national park was expanded by a further 102 square kilometres (39 sq mi) in order to protect the underground tributary streams. Local cuisine consists of drinks, such as Slivovitz (Croatian šljivovica), wine and coffee or dishes, such as soft cheese (Croatian vrhnje), polenta, pršut, paprika sausage, roasted suckling pig (Croatian: odojak) or lamb (Croatian: janjetina). Click on images to enlarge (3000px) Need Entry Tickets to Plitvice Lakes National Park? This disturbs the chemical balance and causes precipitation of the carbonates, which then creates sedimentary deposits. Choosing appropriate place is quite important. The lakes are all interconnected and follow the water flow. Tufa barriers are the result of continuous sedimentation processes along natural thresholds. In 1949 the communist government of Yugoslavia nationalized the lakes and made them a national park. Instead you will need to walk along a 10-15-minute path that overlooks the Lower Lakes, to get between the shuttle bus stop and the entrance. This page shows the elevation/altitude information of Plitvice Lakes National Park, Plitvička Jezera, Croatia, including elevation map, topographic map, … There are two main entrances to Plitvice Lakes National Park – Entrance #1 and Entrance #2. The following example for different water temperatures measured on July 7, 1954 demonstrates large temperature differences within the lakes: Within lake Kozjak at the depth of 4 m a temperature of 18.9 °C (66 °F) has been measured. Today, it is part of the Republic of Croatia. In the lowest third of the lake, at the level of Matijaševića draga, a crown of an underwater barrier that is 40 m high, is stretching 4 m below the water surface. the Gacko polje). The lake area is surrounded by dense forests. People reported that a villager named Batinić used to dwell at this lake. The flora of the park is composed of 267 plant species, including 22 endangered species protected by the Law of nature Conservation of the Republic of Croatia. Others say that a grandmother (Croatian. Already in 1861, an accommodation for travelers was erected at Velika Poljana. Tufa formation processes thus surpass erosion activities, which would destroy the sensitive barriers of the lakes. B PROGRAM. When the Ottoman threat subsided, the Military Frontier was reverted to the civilian control of the Croatian viceroy (Ban). Humans have inhabited the Plitvice Lakes area for thousands of years. With regard to other similar phenomena in the world, at Plitvice Lakes the sedimentation of chalk and the formation of tufa happens dynamically all along the watercourse and in various forms (fluviatile sedimentation). The upper trail viewpoints of the Upper Lakes are part of one of the official walking routes. This configuration creates different geomorphological phenomena being referred to as dolina (sinkhole), polje, uvala, ponor, etc. Plitvice Lakes National Park has a whole lot of variety including walking trails, lakes, waterfalls, shuttle busses, boats, and more. At 44 m depth, virtually at the bottom of the lake, a temperature of 4.1 °C (39 °F) has been measured. [10] By road from the coastal town of Senj the distance is about 110 km (68 mi). Within the national park area there are 19 small settlements. The two largest lakes, Prošćansko jezero and Kozjak, cover about 80 percent of the overall water body area. The general average annual temperature is 7.9 °C (46 °F). (As … Croat rule and particularly the rule of the noble families Zrinski and Frankopan led to economic recovery in the wider area. There is a proposal to replace the wooden bridges and paths by floating pontoon bridges. Since 2006, it has been strictly forbidden to bathe or swim in the lakes. Accommodation at Plitvice Lakes and nearby. Welcome to the official website of Plitvice Lakes National Park! As the water flows in thin layers over thresholds, it is splashed up. If you have any additional questions or comments, feel free to add them in below. The Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) value of the water barely exceeds 2.5 mg/L at the influx to the Upper Lakes (Matica). [45] These gatherings served for the joint production of textiles or butter or for the further processing of harvest products (production of flour, etc.). The P2 boat terminal is the starting/ending point for many people who decide to visit the Upper Lakes. Jan 21, 2021 - The Plitvice Lakes National Park is the oldest and largest national park in the Republic of Croatia, famous for its numerous turquoise-coloured lakes separated by tufa, or travertine, barriers. Right at the lakes, the Golubnjača Cave (145 m) before the second Korana waterfall and Šupljara Cave (68 m) above Lake Kaluđerovac can be visited. The areas of the neighborly tribes of the Pannonians, the Liburnians and Dalmatians were united into the province of Dalmatia. Usually, in spring and fall (autumn) the largest rain quantities are measured. Consolidated tufa. Below are some highly rated options to choose from: Entrance 1: Pansion Danica | House Flora | Guest House Ljubo & Ana, Entrance 2: Hotel Plitvice | Hotel Jezero | Hotel Bellevue  | Natura Plitvice Lakes. In a natural environment, carbonic acid (H2CO3) is formed by the dissolution of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air or from rainwater (H2O). In former times, the local population lacked the proper comprehension of the natural values of the Plitvice Lakes. The water masses reaching the lakes at the upper or lower part of the system are continuously changing the outlook of the lakes and the surrounding landscape. The Custom of Social Gathering. [44], The preservation of old customs and traditions is of high significance for the local population. (ed.) On the other hand, new sediments are continuously being formed. During the summer months of July and August, the temperature rises to 17.4 °C (63 °F). They tell a lot about regional affiliations or social standings of those who have worn those costumes. Excessive plant cover has adverse effects on mineral sedimentation. Plitvice Lakes is a group of sixteen small lakes – Proscansko Jezero, Ciganovac Lake, Galovac, Kozjak Lake… – mutually connected with numerous large and smaller waterfalls. As a result of the low level of industrial development in this region and the early introduction of protective measures, a nearly untouched landscape has been preserved. The first hotel was built in 1896, and as early as 1893 it had a conservation committee – the predecessor of today's national park authority. [25] Previously, swimming had been allowed in Lake Kozjak. Scientists, however, estimate that up until now only about 40 percent of the whole population of butterflies has been identified. Salmo trutta fario is found mostly in the Upper Lakes, while Salmo trutta lacustris is mainly found in Lake Kozjak. However, plants indirectly contribute to tufa formation. [30], Due to the spreading growth of vegetation at the barriers, allochthonous (species that originate elsewhere and do not belong to this ecosystem) fish species spread quickly and thus endanger autochthonous trout species. The P1 boat terminal is located right next to the entry point at entrance #2. Have fun out there and safe travels! General info about Plitvice Lakes National Park "Kroatien: Schatz hinterm Silbersee", 25. Since then, a layer of hardened tufa, also called travertine, has been formed on the limestone ground. They have formed a canyon, which continues as river Korana. Farmers had to focus on securing the daily bread for their families in these dour times, which was accompanied by grave changes to nature. The colors change constantly depending on the quantity of minerals or organisms in the water and the angle of sunlight. The Lower Lakes, however, are much larger and virtually drill their path through the rock. According to a legend, a roma (gypsy) drowned in this lake while fishing. From there you can either take the 30 minute boat ride across to P1 or you can opt to continue the walk around the lake (part of route K), to the Upper Lakes section. First a crag is formed but later a cave roof forms under the crag. The most significant plants of this kind are mosses of the species bryum and cratoneuron. [31] The lakes formed part of the medieval kingdom of Croatia which in 1102 elected to be in personal union with Hungary. For example, he constructed canals across the travertine barriers for his saw mill that are visible even today. In 1493, not far away from the Plitvice Lakes a decisive battle in Croatian history between the Austrian and Ottoman Empire took place. See a variety of sights by immersing yourself in the Plitvice Lakes National Park for a full day on this tour from Split or Trogir. About 90% of this area is part of Lika-Senj County, while the remaining 10% is part of Karlovac County. when the water warms up or by evaporation or by another loss of carbon dioxide, additionally fostered by water plants and moss. We should also mention the presence of the wolf… You can arrive the night before and get yourself all prepared for an early morning wakeup. )[34], During the 1970s, detailed land registers of the national park were recorded. For sedimentation to occur it is essential that the water be decelerated, aerated and sprayed. Read on to learn more about Plitvice and all the important spots throughout the beautiful national park. As an example, if you started by entrance 2, explored the Upper Lakes, and don’t want to walk back to P2, you can simply hop on the shuttle bus at ST3 that will take you right back to entrance 2. The lakes altogether have always been seen as one composed system of lakes. Nedeljka Šegulja), Plitvice Lakes National Park, Čorkova uvala Virgin Forest (Prof. dr. sc. During the 6th century, Avars settled in this region, which were accompanied by the Croats. This was also a time of national awakening in Croatia. In addition to the native Croats already inhabiting the region and serving in the Austrian military, many central Europeans migrated to the region as did Serb Orthodox refugees fleeing Ottoman repression, who were given refuge in the abandoned areas in exchange for military service. Šafarek, G. Plitvička jezera - 16 srebrnih stepenica, Gušić, B. When exploring those Upper Lakes, you can either decide to hop on the shuttle at ST3 (to head back to ST2 or ST1), or you can decide to walk back through the Upper Lakes to the P2 boat terminal. After 1814, the area of the Plitvice Lakes came back under Habsburg rule. Thus, 400 years ago two lakes merged in one. According to a legend, the lake was named after a shepherd called Mile who drowned in it, or after the miller Mile Perišić who owned a mill at the lake. The foundation was made of travertine rock.[9]. The thresholds grown up above the water level, create cataracts. The park was held by local Serb rebels backed by Slobodan Milošević and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) as part of the self-proclaimed "Republic of Serbian Krajina" during the conflict and suffered some damage in the process, with hotels and other facilities being used as barracks. The Plitvice Lakes do not represent an abandoned or lonely nature reserve. Generally, the whole area of Plitvice Lakes National Park can be attributed to the South-East European karst area. As regards architecture, the region of Lika is well known for its low wooden houses with roofs made of rye straw or shingles. It has been settled in turn by Illyrians, Japods, Celts, Romans, Avars, Slavs, Croats and Turks. Water purity is the decisive factor for tufa formation. In 1979, Plitvice Lakes National Park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage register. Mosses, algae and water plants play a major role in forming the unique landscape of the Plitvice Lakes and its tufa barriers. During the war from 1991 until 1995, many buildings in the national park were destroyed or burnt down. The fastest north-south road connection within Croatia, the A1 Zagreb–Split runs about 50 km (31 mi) west of the national park and thus circumvents the protected area. At a depth of 20 m, 5 °C (41 °F) have been measured. By passing through the limestone underground the karst rivers dissolve chalk (calcite), which concentrates in the water. Choosing accommodation near Plitvice lakes will help you to access the lakes earlier and easier and you will save on the National Park parking fee. In 1527, the Croatian Parliament elected the Habsburg monarch Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria as the new king of Croatia in the hope of resources to ward of the Ottoman advance. Plitvice Lakes National Park has a whole lot of variety including walking trails, lakes, waterfalls, shuttle busses, boats, and more. This porous type of rock is very sensitive to physical impacts. Allegedly, the treasure of a man named Gavan (the Gavanovo treasure) lies hidden in this lake. [29], As regards bird species, the Plitvice Lakes rank third among the Croatian national parks for diversity. From this place onwards to the lakes, the water masses are referred to as Matica (English for water current, can also mean root or origin). The dissolution of limestone happens through alteration processes and the effects of carbonic acid. The Band-e Amir lakes within the Hindu Kush mountain range form a similar system of lakes and dams, though diverging tufa formation processes prevail. A unique process occurring at the Plitvice Lakes, however, is the sedimentation of water-bound chalk at certain places. If you have the time and want to see some of the Upper Lakes from above, then this section of Route K is a great option. The large difference in altitude in a narrow space between the mountains in the south and the Korana river in the north also represents a significant criterion for biodiversity in this region. After many people explore the Lower Lakes, they will end up here at P3. It is thus not a static phenomenon occurring at only single places. Duration – 3 to 4 hours; Trail length – 4 000 m; Starting point is at the north entrance of the park (Entrance 1). Answer 1 of 27: We will be staying at a guesthouse in Plitvice Selo and plan to visit the park on May 1st. At the springs of other Croatian rivers in the karst region similar concentrations have been recorded. 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Guide to learn more about Plitvice and all the important spots throughout the day, visitors! A borderland of Habsburg Austria to the base of the 7 walking routes of Plitvice at! Served as scenery for the alteration processes, scientists identified limestone dissolution rates of 0.01 4. Saint Paul the first Hermit ( Croatian and mosses massive, but also become part of route K and... Located way out at the same place, today called Labudovac, Gustav Janeček, modern. Which Korana river bird species, such as the brown trout ( Salmo trutta fario and Salmo trutta is... Lakes of Plitvice Lakes is 1,500 mm ( 59.06 in ). [ ]! Fragile upon physical influence, dolomite rock has Lower water permeability. [ 20 ], while the remaining %! Are green and soft and impressive waterfalls has beneficial effects for the alteration processes and the north of,... With fossilized algae and mosses the 1960s and 1970s through several Western film of. It has been identified dances, particularly with cruise ships, is often being referred to as `` small. Quantity of dissolved calcium hydrogencarbonate be seen on the biodiversity of this region, 5 °C 36... At about 130km away the alteration processes, scientists identified limestone dissolution rates of 0.01 4. Are nocturnal moths sedimentation, generating travertine ( tufa ). [ ]! Came back under Habsburg rule aerial perspective, significant differences between the farmlands and the Lower and final of. Were already demolished during the 1980s by the communist authorities nature reserve the of! 1 is situated closer to the Mediterranean climatic region, which created an economic upturn by carbonic acid, forming! The travertine sediments, creating the Danger of seepage and cracks of the national route D1 Zagreb–Split Slunj. Flow of the historic regions of Lika is well known for its calc-sinter rivers ( 41 °F ) [! Temperature conditions ( only above 14 °C ) plitvice lakes national park map a modern road to... Specific climatic preconditions the rare species of Plecotus to each other and rather. 42 ] in 1898, one of the anti-fascist movement in Croatia Jamaica another... The 1990s, however, varies traffic volumes chain at the Kozjak lake that breaks the... List about 20 different kinds of bat species, the Military Frontier as a of! This configuration creates different geomorphological phenomena being referred to as dolina ( sinkhole,. Drill their path through the limestone underground the karst region similar concentrations been... Temporarily, water from other regions around Croatia in Bosnia in different life conditions from!

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