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He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Its primary object was to safeguard the personal interests of the electors. Transcription. Invariably short of money, […] However, he dealt mercilessly with a band of unscrupulous officials who forged and sold papal Bulls; capital punishment was meted out to two of the culprits in 1489. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Pope Innocent VIII (; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was the head of the Catholic Church from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. No need to register, buy now! Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. XXXVII-LXIX; tr. Insecurity reigned at Rome during his rule owing to insufficient punishment of crime. He was made Bishop of Savona in 1467, but exchanged this see in 1472 for that of Molfetta in south-eastern Italy and was raised to the cardinalate the following year. About Pope Innocent VIII. Witch . Omissions? The executions of persons thought to be practicing witchcraft were increasing throughout western Europe. His father, Aran Cibò, was involved in politics, serving first in the Roman Senate and then as the Viceroy to Naples, which was ruled by King Ferdinand I at that time. He issued an appeal for a crusade against the Waldenses, actively opposed the Hussite heresy in Bohemia, and forbade (Dec., 1486) under penalty of excommunication the reading of the nine hundred theses which Pico della Mirandola had publicly posted in Rome. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Pope Innocent VIII. He had previously made many attempts to enforce papal authority over secular rulers, and his determination to impose his judicial authority over the whole Latin Church culminated in the reforms of the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215. His success in the conclave, as well as his promotion to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere. The influence of his friends procured for him, from Pope Paul II (1464–71), the bishopric of Savona, and in 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. Official name : Giovanni Battista Cibo Nationality : Italy Pope from : 1484-1492 Official blazon Origin/meaning. . The decree explicitly declares that Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger have papal authority to lead inquisitorial procedures against suspected witches and other heretics in Germany and other areas. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492. At the conclave of 1484, he signed, like all the other cardinals present, the election capitulation which was to bind the future pope. His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), whose tool Innocent remained. (en) 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08019b.htm. Pope Innocent VIII issued the celebrated bull Summis desiderantes in 1484, directing inquisitors and others to put to death all practitioners of witchcraft and other diabolical arts, and it has been computed that as many as nine million persons have suffered death for witchcraft since that date. The Bull of Innocent VIII Innocent, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, for an eternal remembrance. We have no information on the meaning or origin of these arms. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. MLA citation. He exerted a wide influence over the Christian states of Europe, claiming supremacy over all of Europe's kings.He was central in supporting the Catholic Church's reforms of ecclesiastical affairs through his decretals and the Fourth Lateran Council.This resulted in a considerable refinement of Western canon law. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. Immortality In King Gilgamesh 748 Words | 3 Pages. Updates? Check out Pope Innocent VIII by Mirandaclare on Amazon Music. After spending his youth in Naples, Giovanni studied in Padua and Rome. The only canonization which he proclaimed was that of Margrave Leopold of Austria (6 Jan., 1485). Pope Innocent VIII by Nicholas Aloysius Weber. Continue Reading. "Pope Innocent VIII." //]]> http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08019b.htm. POPE INNOCENT VIII. Page 1 of 14 - About 133 essays. In fact, the position between the seated statue of the Pope was reversed, initially located at the bottom, with the one lying on the sarcophagus, which was originally at the top. searching for Pope Innocent VIII 45 found (368 total) alternate case: pope Innocent VIII. If you have any information on these arms VIII mail us ! He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Generally regarded as unworthy and of low private morals, the worldly Innocent reduced the Papal States to insolvency and anarchy. Nihil Obstat. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. Find the perfect pope innocent viii stock photo. After a licentious youth, during which he had two illegitimate children, Franceschetto and Teodorina, he took orders and entered the service of Cardinal Calandrini. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Innocent VIII, given name Giovanni Battista Cibo, Roman Catholic Pope from the 29th of August 1484 to the 25th of July 1492, successor of Pope Sixtus IV, was born at Genoa (1432), the son of Arano Cibo, who under Calixtus III had been a senator of Rome. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. During what is known as the Little Ice Age, the grip of freezing weather, failing of crops, rising crime, and mass starvation resulted in an increasing fear of witches. In England he proclaimed the right of King Henry VII and his descendants to the English throne and also agreed to some modifications affecting the privilege of "sanctuary". October 1, 1910. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. However, the biggest reason I think the trials were unfair was because of the Malleus Maleficarum, where it mentions torture of prisoners with the intention of getting confessions. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. In 1486 he persecuted one of the chief exponents of Renaissance Platonism, Pico della Mirandola, by condemning his theses and prohibiting his defense. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. Imprimatur. The lower section contains the sarcophagus with recumbent effigy, above which is the three-dimensional Pope bestowing the apostolic blessing, surrounded by reliefs of the four cardinal virtues. TOMMASINI in Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, V (Rome, 1890); CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. var m_names=new Array("January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December");var d=new Date();var curr_day=d.getDay();var curr_date=d.getDate();var curr_month=d.getMonth();var curr_year=d.getFullYear();document.write("Retrieved "+m_names[curr_month]+" "+curr_date+", "+curr_year+" from New Advent: "); Pope Innocent VIII; Pope Innocent VIII. Constantly confronted with a depleted treasury, he resorted to the objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them to the highest bidders. Reasons The Trials Of Witch Trials 1266 Words | 6 Pages. Born into a prominent Genoese family, he entered the church and was made bishop in 1467, before being elevated to the rank of cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV. Catholic Online; Catholic Encyclopedia; Encyclopedia Volume; Free World Class Education FREE Catholic Classes (Giovanni Battista Cibò) Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. Death of Pope Innocent VIII, 25 July 1492, born Giovanni Battista Cybo or Cibo, was Pope 1484 to his death ID: JRTXY0 (RM) The chief concern of the new pope, whose kindliness is universally praised, was the promotion of peace among Christian princes, though he himself became involved in difficulties with King Ferrante of Naples. Pope Innocent III was elected pope in 1198. Pope Innocent was one of the most powerful and influential of the medieval popes. Pope blameless VIII Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492, born Giovanni Battista Cybo or Cibo, was head of the Catholic Church & ruler of a Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Pope Innocent VIII : biography 1432 – 25 July 1492 In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. Bernardino Fenier (150 words) no match in snippet view article find links to article Bernardino Fenier (also Bernardino Venerio) (died 1535) was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Chioggia (1487–1535). Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. See "Bullarium Romanum", III, iii (Rome, 1743), 190-225. On 24 January 1487, A congress of Christian princes met in 1490 at Rome, but led to no result. Contact information. 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